Fall Cover Crop Planting Chart

cover crop peas oats vetch 1 (800x450)

It's best to know what you'd like to get out of your cover crops before selecting the ones you'd like to plant. Here are two charts to help you achieve your cover cropping goals. After reviewing the charts, check out our "Notes" section for more nuanced info.

Fall Cover Crop Planting Chart Seeding dates, rates, and basic info. fall cover crop chart 2

Fall Cover Crop Use Chart Use to help decide which crop fits in with your fall and spring needs. fall cover crop use chart

Know which crop is right for you? Shop our cover crops here.

NOTES:

  • Weed Suppression: For winter-kill fall cover crops, the weed choking happens in the fall. Over wintering cover-crops put on most growth in the early spring, making them effective at choking out those weeds.
  • Spring Use: Most of the benefit of the over-wintering cover crops occurs in the spring. They put on a lot of growth in April. Try to put those crops in areas where you will be transplanting in late May. The timing works well for tomatoes, peppers, winter squash and later plantings of brassicas.
  • Resting the Soil: Looking to rest an area for a season? When seeded in the fall, rye and red clover will put on a lot of vigorous growth in the spring. You can leave that crop in, and even mow it on a tall setting and it will regrow. Just be sure to catch it BEFORE it flowers.
  • General Info: Read up on how to seed, care for, and consider you crops here.

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6 thoughts on “Fall Cover Crop Planting Chart”

  • Bob

    Regarding cover crops.....just checking about the timing for planting oat/pea mix. I live an hour north of Albany. If I plant the seed in the next week or so, do I leave it through the fall and let it winter kill? If so, can I plant through the mat next spring, or should it be turned under? Thanks

    Reply
    • Erin

      Hi Bob! Yes, you should certainly get those oats and peas in this week. If sown at this time of year, you do not have to do anything to them going into the winter. They do not have time to flower and set seed, but instead will simply winter kill. The question of turning them under is up to you. If that area will be used for transplants, it's okay to leave the mat of organic matter. If you want to seed into those beds, you might want to work the soil two weeks prior to seeding in the spring.

      Reply
    • Kelly

      Hi, Regarding the cover crops Winter Rye and Red Clover, do I just mix together evenly and then sow into ground? I don't see a pre-mixed together for sale. Thank you.

      Reply
  • Kelly

    Hi, Regarding the cover crops combination Winter Rye and Clover...it looks like i would have to buy separate...do I just evenly mix together and sow into ground? Thanks!!

    Reply
    • Erin

      Hi Kelly, I seed the rye first, late September through mid-October, then frost sow the clover later, in November or December depending on the weather. You need a higher weight of rye seed per area than clover, clover has much smaller seeds. To get an equal mix, divide the recommended seeding rate for each individual component in half, and order that quantity of each.

      Reply

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