Grow-How: Tips for Growing Garlic
A pound of elephant garlic will contain 10-20 cloves. A pound of shallots will give you 40-50 plantable cloves of shallots, and each shallot bulb will multiply and sprout several green stalks, producing 6-12 bulbs per plant!
HARVEST AND CURE
Hardneck garlic is usually ready to harvest between 8-10 months from your planting date. About 1-2 months prior to harvest time, hardneck garlic plants produce a curly edible flower stalk, known as a "scape." Snip scapes when they are still tender, and this will keep your garlic bulbs from wasting energy on a flowering stage.
In the coming weeks, keep a lookout for yellowing leaves toward the base of your garlic plants; this is an indication that the bulbs are ready for harvest! When a third of leaves have died back, use a fork to gently lift each bulb from the earth, shaking it clean.
Cure bulbs ahead of storing by trimming back foliage and roots and allowing the bulbs to dry in a well-ventilated location for 1-3 weeks. Properly cured hardneck garlic can generally be stored for 4-6 months.